Artificial Intelligence (AI) is not one big, specific technology. Rather, it is comprised of one or more building block technologies. So, to understand AI, you have to understand each of these nine building block technologies. Now, you could argue that there are more technologies than the ones listed here, but any additional technology can fit under one of these building blocks. This is a follow-on to my post Artificial Intelligence: Fact, Fiction, How Enterprises Can Crush It
Here are the nine pragmatic AI technology building blocks that enterprises can leverage now:
■ Knowledge engineering. Knowledge engineering is a process to understand and then represent human knowledge in data structures, semantic models, and heuristics (rules). AD&D pros can embed this engineered knowledge in applications to solve complex problems that are generally associated with human expertise. For example, large insurers have used knowledge engineering to represent and embed the expertise of claims adjusters to automate the adjudication process. IBM Watson Health uses engineered knowledge in combination with a corpus of information that includes over 290 medical journals, textbooks, and drug databases to help oncologists choose the best treatment for their patients.
To reach and engage with more than 700 million online consumers, B2C marketing professionals have put digital atop their agendas. However, marketers in China are far from ready to go digital-first on their own, and need agency support particularly in the following three areas:
Customer understanding and segmentation. Digital consumers’ behaviors are changing fast, and marketers must better understand, reach, and engage with them. Marketers expect to get more data services from agencies, especially industry-relevant customer insights, to help them better understand their customers.
Multichannel strategy. Marketers increasingly realize that siloed thinking fails to tap the full potential of digital business, and their efforts are often disconnected when supporting digital marketing initiatives across platforms and channels. As a result, marketers’ demand for multichannel solutions is increasing.
Creative strategy. Marketers need creative strategies to improve the return on their digital marketing investments. Content marketing, creating relevant ideas, defining customer segments, and customer journey mapping are critical to developing an effective creative strategy where the ultimate goal is to deliver business outcomes.
Prime Minister Modi’s announcement of the demonetization of the large denomination bills is a significant initiative. While he indicated terror financing and corruption as the main causes for the initiative, there are many ramifications this move will have on legitimate business activities as well.
India is known for its love of cash. Uber is primarily a cashless service elsewhere in the world, but more than 50% of Uber trips in India are paid for in cash. This preference for cash transactions arises primarily from following reasons:
The majority of Indians are still not familiar with card-based or electronic payments, irrespective of the relentless focus of the Reserve Bank of India toward changing their behavior.
Merchants in India are forcing the choice of cash payments on customers because electronic payments eat into their margins — just like everywhere else in the world.
Even more significantly, cash payments allow merchants and professionals like doctors, lawyers, and accountants to keep such transactions off the books and avoid tax.
Public cloud services are one of the biggest disruptions in the tech market in the past 15 years. In September 2016, my colleagues Andrew Bartels, Dave Bartoletti, and John R. Rymer published their latest public cloud services outlook, The Public Cloud Services Market Will Grow Rapidly To $236 Billion In 2020,projecting 22% annual growth in public cloud services over the 2015-to-2020 period. Explosive growth in cloud applications has depressed software license sales, and cloud platforms have upended the traditional on-premises server and storage market. The pure-play public cloud players continue to report fantastic growth: Amazon Web Services’ revenue grew 58% year-over-year in Q2 2016, and Microsoft Azure reported 116% year-over-year revenue growth in Q1 2017 (September). In response, traditional software and hardware vendors are moving to the cloud via both acquisitions and launches of new cloud services.
After years of shunning automation and information sharing efforts, the security industry is now embracing them. Every vendor conference I attended this fall talked about the need to automate some security functions in order to increase security teams' efficiency and ability to quickly detect and respond to incidents. The vendors also focused on the need to break down the silos and share information across the security and IT organizations, between vendors, and throughout the security community.
Why the change? The pace of attacks along with the continued stress of resource-constrained organizations are forcing security leaders to find new solutions.
You’ve heard it before - consumers move from their smartphones to their desktops, from in front of their living room TV to driving by a highway billboard, from their emails to their Facebook News Feed. With this convoluted and dynamic path to purchase, are you prepared to understand and measure every touchpoint your brand has with its customers?
Financial services (Banks & Credit Cards) performed well. In fact, along with PC Manufacturers, they topped the CX Index in terms of industry-averages. Financial firms recognize that the lifetime value of each customer relationship can be significantly higher than in other industries, so they strive to deliver better-quality experiences to their clients. In contrast, Auto & Home Insurance companies were found lacking in the experiences they delivered to clients, and brought up the rear of the industry-average rankings.
Traditional and Digital-only retailers improved their CX significantly. Digital-only retailers are realizing that deep discounting can only take them so far, and are now focusing on delivering differentiated CX instead. Feeling the heat from digital players, traditional retailers made great strides to improve their CX too. Despite these efforts, both traditional and digital-only retailers moved from delivering ‘poor’ CX last year to just ‘OK’ CX this time around.
On November 7, China’s top legislature adopted a cybersecurity law to safeguard the sovereignty on cyberspace, national security, and the rights of citizens. The law has seven chapters that define specific regulations in various areas, such as network operational security (including key IT infrastructure), network information security, monitoring, alerting, and emergency situation handling as well as related legal responsibilities.
Some critics, especially those in Europe and the United States, continue to read too much into the negative impact of this legislation. I believe that it’s the reasonable move for the Chinese government to make in order to balance national security, citizen privacy, and economic openness. Foreign players in the Chinese market must revisit their local strategy and accelerate their digital transformation if they don’t want to miss the increasing needs and new opportunities regarding security and privacy:
The cybersecurity law has substantial advantages that benefit cybercitizens. For example, for the first time, the Chinese government requires that vendors providing cyberproducts and cyberservices must make clarifications to users and attain their approvals before they collect personal information. The new law also regulates that if companies leak or illegally sell personal information to third parties, they must bear legal responsibilities accordingly. These regulations mark a critical milestone in China’s journey toward personal privacy protection, and they are also important for consumers in the world’s largest market to protect themselves against internet fraud and spam messages.
For the past few years, Forrester has fielded a Global Mobile Executive Survey to understand and benchmark mobile initiatives. This year, my colleagues Julie Ask, Jennifer Wise and I are updating the survey again to help marketers and business executives benchmark and mature their mobile strategy and services.
Planning and organizing for the use of mobile technologies is a complex task. Integrating mobile as part of a broader corporate strategy is even more complex. However, some players are leading the way and working on infrastructure, staffing, and competencies that are hard to see unless you look closely. If you want to understand the role that mobile is playing in various organizations, what their objectives are, how they measure the success of their mobile initiatives, and a lot more, you just have to share with us your own perspective and we will aggregate the answers.